Tuesday, May 14, 2013

Catholicism and Orthodoxy: the history of reunion attempts and conversion campaigns

Catholicism’s plan has always been to persuade all the Orthodox to come back, with accepting whole regional churches as a step in that direction. Born Orthodox get the benefit of the doubt.

1 comment:

  1. I've read this through, and want to add a little corrective note about dates.

    It was not until 1484 that the Council of Florence and its union settlement was formally rejected by the four Eastern patriarchs (C'ple, Alez., Antioch, and Jerusalem). However, it was treated, in Constantinople as a "dead letter," right from the appointment (by the Sultan) of Gennadius II Scholarios as patriarch some months after the fall of the city. The previous patriarch, Gregory III (Mammas), patriarch from 1443, had gone to Rome in 1450 -- some write that he abdicated before he left -- and a small group of anti-unionists chose one Athanasius II as patriarch, but he was not recognized as such by the emperor. After the fall of the city, Rome continued to regard Gregory as Patriarch, and when he died in 1458 or 59 the Pope appointed Cardinal Isidore of Kiev, and then, after the latter's death in 1462, the famous Cardinal Bessarion of
    Teebizond. After Bessarion's death, all of his successors in the "Latin Patriarchate of Constantinople" were Latin bishops. This patriarchal title was left vacant after 1948, and officially abolished in 1964 (the Latin Patriarchate of Alexandria was left vacant in 1954, and abolished in 1964; that of Antioch in 1953/1964; but that of jerusalem still continues, and had jurisdiction over all Latin Catholics in Israel, the occupied territories, Jordan and Cyprus).

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