Thursday, April 23, 2015

Alexander Dugin, culture warrior: "American liberalism must be destroyed"


From Facebook: Alexander Dugin is a "Kremlin insider," an "informal adviser" to Putin. Seems another reason for conservatives including Catholics to like Russia. For the newbs, no, I don't want Russia to rule America, and neither does Russia (they're not Communist anymore; all they want is the Eurasian empire that's their historic right), nor do I want to go into schism.
Much of Russian politics today, especially the retaking of Crimea, is based on Professor Dugin's ideology.

According to Alexander Dugin, the twenty-first century will be defined by the conflict between Eurasianists and Atlanticists. The Eurasianists defend the need for every people and culture on Earth to be allowed to develop in its own way, free of interference, and in accordance with their own particular values. Eurasianists thus stand for tradition and for the blossoming variety of cultures, and a world in which no single power holds sway over all the others. Opposing them are the Atlanticists. They stand for ultra-liberalism in both economics and values, stopping at nothing to expand their influence to every corner of the globe, unleashing war, terror, and injustice on all who oppose them, both at home and abroad. This camp is represented by the United States and its allies around the world, who seek to maintain America’s unipolar hegemony over the Earth. The Eurasianists believe that only a strong Russia, working together with all those who oppose Atlanticism worldwide, can stop them and bring about the multipolar world they desire. This book introduces their basic ideas. Eurasianism is on the rise in Russia today, and the Kremlin’s geopolitical policies are largely based on its tenets, as has been acknowledged by Vladimir Putin himself. It is reshaping Russia’s geopolitics, and its influence is already changing the course of world history.

Professor Dugin is the author of many books. Two that are quite thought-provoking are "The Fourth Political Theory" and "Putin vs. Putin".

"The Fourth Political Theory" states that all the political systems of the modern age have been the products of three distinct ideologies: the first, and oldest, is liberal democracy; the second is Marxism; and the third is fascism. The latter two have long since failed and passed out of the pages of history, and the first no longer operates as an ideology, but rather as something taken for granted. The world today finds itself on the brink of a post-political reality — one in which the values of liberalism are so deeply embedded that the average person is not aware that there is an ideology at work around him. As a result, liberalism is threatening to monopolize political discourse and drown the world in a universal sameness, destroying everything that makes the various cultures and peoples unique. According to Alexander Dugin, what is needed to break through this morass is a fourth ideology — one that will sift through the debris of the first three to look for elements that might be useful, but that remains innovative and unique in itself. Dugin does not offer a point-by-point program for this new theory, but rather outlines the parameters within which it might develop and the issues which it must address. Dugin foresees that the Fourth Political Theory will use the tools and concepts of modernity against itself, to bring about a return of cultural diversity against commercialisation, as well as the traditional worldview of all the peoples of the world — albeit within an entirely new context. Written by a scholar who is actively influencing the direction of Russian geopolitical strategy today, "The Fourth Political Theory" is an introduction to an idea that may well shape the course of the world's political future.

In "Putin vs. Putin" Prof Alexander Dugin thinks that Vladimir Putin stands at a crossroads. Throughout his career as the President of Russia, Putin has attempted to balance two opposing sides of his political nature: one side is a liberal democrat who seeks to adopt Western-style reforms in Russia and maintain good relations with the United States and Europe, and the other is a Russian patriot who wishes to preserve Russia's traditions and reassert her role as one of the great powers of the world. According to Dugin, this balancing act cannot go on if Putin wishes to enjoy continuing popular support among the Russian people. Putin must act to preserve Russia's unique identity and sovereignty in the face of increasing challenges, both from Russian liberals at home and from foreign powers. Russia is no longer strong enough to stand on her own, he writes. In order to do this, Russia must cooperate with other dissenting powers who oppose the new globalist order of liberalism to bring about a multipolar world, in which no single nation wields supreme power, but rather several major powers keep each other in balance. Russia is crucial to this effort, in Dugin's view, and indeed, its own survival as a unique and independent civilization is dependent on a geopolitical shift away from the unipolar world represented by America's unchecked supremacy.

With Russia in the news often lately, please take this opportunity to hear it "from the horse's mouth" concerning current affairs and the future direction of Russia.
Хорошо.

Of course Western Christians including Catholics fall for Atlanticism; it's a Christian heresy. Which reminds me: Ross Douthat, writing about Pope Francis (silly clickbait headline, but the gist is don't worry; Bergoglio's not as radical as he's made out to be), nails Vatican II, which at face value I don't have a problem with. Since American liberty worked so well for Catholics here in 1959, why not the rest of the world?

The tsar visited America once, circa 1890s, when he was still crown prince, and liked it here, but didn't think that liberty would work in Russia. Russians have strongmen like Putin and Lukashenko because they like them.

Also, Russell Kirk: “Capitalism” and “socialism” both are 19th-century ideological tags; they delude and ensnare, as do all ideologies. Sounds like the Popes.

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